Search Conferences

Type in any word, words or author name. This searchs through the abstract title, keywords and abstract text and authors. You may search all conferences or just select one conference.

 All Conferences
 EMAC 2019 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2020 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2020 Regional Conference
 EMAC 2021 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2021 Regional Conference
 EMAC 2022 Annual
 EMAC 2022 Regional Conference

EMAC 2021 Annual Conference

Don’t Trash These Tiny Treasures! – How Humanization and Tailored Communication Enhance Consumers’ Liking of Visually Imperfect Produce

Published: May 25, 2021


Svenja Hünies, Chair of Marketing, RWTH Aachen University; Daniel Wentzel, Chair of Marketing, RWTH Aachen University


In this paper, we investigate how humanization and executional style of point-of-sale communication influence consumers’ liking (product evaluation, purchase intention, and amount taken) of visually imperfect produce. Extending research with three experimental studies, we show that humanization’s effect is leveraged using a combination of pictorial and textual elements (vs. pictorial only), and that message contents conveyed by an imperfect humanized product should rather position flaws as a trademark (vs. blemish). Finally, we demonstrate that for some dependent variables, the effect of humanization on product liking is mediated by compassion and/or sympathy. Consumers’ higher perception of produces’ humaneness evokes stronger emotions, commonly translating to increased liking. The insights of this paper are relevant for both academy and practice, particularly for food retailers and policy makers aiming to reduce food waste in the strive for a more sustainable development.