Search Conferences

Type in any word, words or author name. This searchs through the abstract title, keywords and abstract text and authors. You may search all conferences or just select one conference.


 All Conferences
 EMAC 2019 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2020 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2020 Regional Conference
 EMAC 2021 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2021 Regional Conference
 EMAC 2022 Annual

EMAC 2022 Annual


Social Comparison Effects on Exercise Performance and Happiness: A Two-Mechanism Model
(A2022-107520)

Published: May 24, 2022

AUTHORS

Karen T. Bowen, University of Leeds; J. Joško Brakus, University of Leeds; Yi-Chun Ou, Institute of Service Science, National Tsing Hua University

ABSTRACT

This study investigates how social contexts influence gym beginners’ performance and happiness. Social context refers to a combination of individual ability level (i.e., beginners or advanced gym customers) and group composition (i.e., mixed or same-level-ability groups). Two field experiments show that the context affects customers’ performance and happiness through two mechanisms, respectively: motivation, due to the Köhler effect, and self-concept and membership esteem, due to the frog-pond effect. Results show that mixed groups improve the performance but decrease the happiness of beginners (vs. advanced) gymgoers. Beginners in mixed groups tend to have low self-concept, which leads to less membership esteem and happiness, but high motivation, which leads to better performance. Additionally, effort visibility weakens the impacts of social comparison on motivation and self-concept. Last, results show that happiness mainly comes from comparing with oneself rather than with others.