Search Conferences

Type in any word, words or author name. This searchs through the abstract title, keywords and abstract text and authors. You may search all conferences or just select one conference.

 All Conferences
 EMAC 2019 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2020 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2020 Regional Conference
 EMAC 2021 Annual Conference
 EMAC 2021 Regional Conference
 EMAC 2022 Annual
 EMAC 2022 Regional Conference

EMAC 2019 Annual Conference

A Model for Temporal Neural Word Embedding

Published: May 28, 2019


Oliver Borchers, University of Mannheim; Daniel Ringel, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Sabine Kuester, University of Mannheim


word2vec; associations; UGC


Understanding consumers’ brand associations is essential to the development of effective marketing strategies. It enables firms to determine brand’s positioning and informs new product development and marketing mix design. A rich and abundant source for consumers’ brand associations is user-generated-content (UGC). However, UGC data are usually big and unstructured. To process them, researchers turned to neural word embeddings. However, extant models suffer from a major shortcoming: Their inability to consider temporal information. Yet, UGC commonly spans across years during which consumers’ brand associations can change. Treating such longitudinal data as cross-sectional can provide outdated insights about brand’s positionings. The herein proposed new model Dory explicitly considers temporal information in language. We show both by simulation and in an empirical application that Dory outperforms extant models and uncovers meaningful changes in consumers’ brand associations.